• S. Tasmin Horticulture Division, Bangladesh Institution of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202

    M.R. Islam Horticulture Division, Bangladesh Institution of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202

    M.S. Alam Horticulture Division, Bangladesh Institution of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202

    M.N.H. Mehedi Horticulture Division, Bangladesh Institution of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202


Three lemon germplasms selected from the preliminary evaluation of twenty local and exotic lemons were evaluated in two locations of Bangladesh. Through consequently three years trials, two germplasm viz. LVG-1 and LVG-2 were selected considering their agronomic performance at Mymensingh and Tangail. The LVG-1 and LVG-2 has been collected from Vietnam. It was observed that, LVG-1 was superior to other exotic genotypes and also to check variety BAU Lebu-3, reactions to major diseases and insect pest infestations were also found to be tolerant. During 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18 at Mymensingh, the highest fruit yield per plant (18.1, 19.1, and 20.0 kg), vitamin C content (66.8, 65.1 and 65.9 mg 100 g-1), fruit length (7.7, 8.4 and 8.6 cm), number of fruits plant-1 (190.3, 210.3 and 254.6), juice content fruit-1 (34.1%, 32.4% and 35.5%) and the lowest seed fruit-1 (3 or 2 nos.) was recorded fromLVG-1 from all the three consecutive year and also at Tangail the highest fruit yield per plant (20.6, 19.5, and 20.1 kg), vitamin C content (67.7, 65.7 and 66.1 mg 100 g-1), fruit length (8.2, 8.5 and 7.4 cm), number of fruits plant-1 (198.6, 241.6 and 268.6), juice content fruit-1 (34.6%, 37.6% and 38.2%) and lowest seed fruit-1 (3, 4 and 4 nos.) was recorded from LVG-1compared to LVG-2 and BAU Lebu-3. Considering the better performance of fruit yield, vitamin C content, juice content and less number of seed, LVG-1 genotype was selected as a new variety (Binalebu-1) to cultivate commercially all over Bangladesh.


Al-Mouei, R. and Choumane, W. 2014. Physiochemical Juice Characteristics of Various Citrus Species in Syria, Anuual Report. Pp.l-14.

Arora, R.K. and Daulta, B.S. 1991. Evaluation of some lime cultivars (Citrus limon Burm) for their physico chemical composition and yield under Hisar conditions. Haryana J. Hortic. Sci. 10: 182-185.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics) 2020. Statistical Pocket Book of Bangladesh, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka. P. 221.

Caruso, M., Smith, M.W., Froelicher, Y., Russo, G. and Gmitter, F.G. Jr. 2020. “Traditional breeding,” in The Genus Citrus, 1st edition. Eds. M. Talon, M. Caruso and F.G. Gmitter (Cambridge, UK: Elsevier), 129–148.

Cirmi, S., Ferlazzo, N., Lombardo, G., Maugeri, A., Calapai, G., Gangemi, S., and Navarra M. 2016. Chemopreventive agents and inhibitors of cancer hallmarks: may citrus offer new perspectives. Nutrients 8, 698. doi: 10.3390/nu8110698.

Fallahi, E., Rodney, D.R. and Mousavi, Z. 1990. Growth, yield and fruit quality of eight lemon cultivars in Arizona. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 115: 6-8.

Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, USA.

Hels, O., Kidmose, U., Larsen, T., Hassan, N., Tetens, I. and Thilsted, S.H. 2003. Estimated nutrient intakes and adequacies in Bangladesh change when newer values for vitamin A, iron and calcium in commonly consumed foods are applied.Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 54(6): 457-465.

Kayesh, E., Das, S., Rajib, M.M.R. and Islam, M.M. 2017. Morphological characteristics and fruit quality of selected lemon genotypes. Ann. Bangladesh Agric. 21 (1 & 2): lll-116

Khan, M.R. and Ahmed, F. 2005. Physicalstatus, nutrient intake and dietary pattern of adolescent female factory workers in urban Bangladesh.Asia. Pac. J. Clin. Nutr., 14(1): 19-26.

Liu, Y., Heying, E., and Tanumihardjo, S.A. 2012. History, global distribution, and nutritional importance of citrus fruits. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf. 11:530–545. doi: 10.1111/j.1541-4337.2012.00201.x

Ma, G., Zhang, L., Sugiura, M. and Kato, M. 2020. “Citrus and health,” in The Genus Citrus, 1st edition. Eds. M., Talon, M. Caruso and F. G. Gmitter (Cambridge, UK: Elsevier), 495–511.

Mamun, M.A.A., Siddquie, N.A., Reyad-ul-ferdous, M., Sayem, A.S.M. and Hossain, M.S. 2015. Effective nutritional value of year round vegetable production and quick growing fruit trees in homestead at agro ecological zone eleven in Bangladesh for improvement of the health of rural people. World J.Pharmaceutical Sci. 4(12): 1626-1637.

Marın, F.R., Soler-Rivas, C., Benavente-Garcia, O., Castillo, J., and Perez-Alvarez, J.A. 2007. By-products from different citrus processes as a source of customized functional fibres. Food Chem. 100, 736–741. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.04.040.

Nielsen, H. 2000. Food and nutrient intake among females in rural Bangladesh. Master’s in human nutrition Dissertation, Research Department of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Prasad, M.B., Singh, R.S., Rekha, A. and Chand, R. 1997. Evaluation of lemon cultivars and acid lime lemon hybrids for resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pvcitri. Scientia Hort., 71: 367-372

Rahman M, and Rahman J. 2014. Medicinal Value andNutrient Status of Indigenous Fruits in Bangladesh. Nova Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences 3(4),1-9. http://dx.doi. org/10.20286/nova-jmbs-030423

Rashid, M. 2013. Effect of planting date on growth and yield of some citrus fruits. Master of Science thesis in Horticulture. Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. Pp. 31.

Sfgate. 2017. Do Lemons Provide Vitamin C Like Oranges?http://healthyeating.sfgate. Com/lemonsprovide-vitamin-c-like-oranges-do-3508.html, accessed on April 9, 2017.

Shrestha, R.L., Dhaka, D.D., Gautum, D.M., Paudya, K.P. and Shrestha, S. 2014. Variation of physiochemical components of acid lime (Citrus auranffilia Single) Fruits at different sides of the tree in Nepal. Amer. J. Plant Sci. 3: 1688-1692.

Soeranto, H. 2011. Plant breeding with mutation technique (in Indonesian). Indonesian Center for Isotopes and Radiation Technology Research and Development. Jakarta: National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia.

Ting, S.V. 1980. “Nutrients and Nutrition of Citrus Fruits,” in Citrus nutrition and quality. Eds. S. Nagy John and A. Attaway (Washington, DC. USA: American chemical society), 3–24. doi: 10.1021/bk-1980-0143.ch001.

Umar, U.U., Ado, S.G., Aba, D.A. and Bugaje, S.M. 2015. Studies on genetic variability in maize (Zea mays L.) under stress and non-stress environmental conditions. Int. J. Agron. Agril. Res. 7: 70-77.

Research Article