• M.M.A. Mondal Crop Physiology Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh

    M.M. Islam Adaptive Research and Extension Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Mymensingh-2202


The experiment was conducted under sub-tropical condition during 2017-18 and 2018-19 (November-March) to investigate the effect of defoliations on reproductive characters and yield of tomato. The experimental treatments were five levels of leaves defoliation viz., 0 (control), 3, 6, 9 and 12 from the base out of 17 leaves treated on and two tomato advanced lines viz., TM-110 and TM-135. The leaves defoliations were started at the beginning of flowering stage. The experiment was laid out in two factors split-plot design with three replicates by maintaining varieties as main plot and the defoliation levels as sub-plot. The reproductive characters and yield related characters such as number of effective flower clusters and flowers plant-1, number of fruits plant-1, individual fruit weight and fruit yield were not affected up to six leaves defoliation irrespective of seasons and genotypes. Reproductive parameters and yield attributes were better in three and six leaves defoliated plants over the control with being the highest in six leaves defoliated plant. Heavy defoliation not only reduced source sizes but also decreased total sink (flower and fruits) causing lower fruit yields. The lowest reproductive characters and fruit yield was recorded from twelve leaves defoliated plants. Interaction effects of genotype and defoliation on reproductive characters, yield attributes and fruit yield was non-significant in both years except single fruit weight and fruit weight plant-1 in 2017. It means trend of increase/decrease in yield attributes and fruit yield was almost similar in both the varieties. These results indicate that tomato plants can tolerate one-third leaf loss during reproductive stage and the knowledge of which might be essential for maintaining better quality tomato production.


Ali, M.R., Ashrafuzzaman, M., Malek, M.A., Mondal, M.M.A., Rafii, M.Y. and Puteh, A.B. 2013. Defoliation and its effect on morphology, biochemical parameters, yield and yield attributes of soybean. Res. Crops. 14: 500-506.

Bhatt, R.M. and Rao, N.K.S. 2003. Influence of leaf excision on photosynthesis, seed setting and yield in okra. Indian J. Plant Physiol. 8: 345-348.

Fakir, M.S.A., Mondal, M.M.A., Ismail, M.R. and Ashrafuzzaman, M. 2011. Flowering pattern and reproductive efficiency in mungbean. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 13: 966-970.

Heuvelink, E. 2005. Tomato. Crop production science in Horticulture no. 13.Heuvelink, E. (ed.). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. pp. 88-101.

Heuvelink, E., Bakker, M.J., Elings, A., Kaarsemaker, R. and Marcelis, L.F.M. 2005. Effect of leaf area on tomato yield. Acta Hortic. 691: 43-50.

Islam, A.S., Haque, M.M., Rehenuma, T. and Islam, M.M. 2016. Effect of defoliation on growth and yield response in two tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) varieties. J. Agron. 15(2): 68-75.

Leonard, C., Guffrida, F. and Scigitano, V. 2004. Tomato yield yield and fruit characteristics in relation to basal leaf removal. Acta Hort. 659: 411-416.

Liu, G., Yang, Y., Liu, W., Guo, X., Xue, J., Xie, R., Ming, B., Wang, K., Hou, P. and Li, S. 2019. Leaf removal affects maize morphology and grain yield. Agronomy. 10: 1-12.

Mondal, M.M.A., Fakir, M.S.A., Ismail, M.R. and Asrafuzzaman, M. 2011a. Effect of defoliation on growth, reproductive characters and yield in mungbean. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 5: 987-992.

Mondal, M.M.A., Rahman, M.A., Akter, M.B. and Fakir, M.S.A. 2011b. Effect of defoliation during reproductive stage on yield in mungbean. Legum Res. 34: 222-225.

Mondal, M.M.A., Puteh, A.B., Malek, M.A., Hasan, M.F. and Rahman, M.H. 2013. Pod maturity synchrony in relation to canopy structure in mungbean. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 15: 963-967.

Raza, M.A., Feng, L.Y., Werf, W.V.D., Iqbal, N., Khalid, M.H.B., Chen, Y.K., Wasaya, A., Ahmed, S., Din, A.M.U., Khan, A., Ahmed, S., Yanf, F. and Yang, W. 2019. Maize leaf removal: A new agronomic approach to increase dry matter, flower number and seed yield of soybean in maize soybean relay intercropping system. Sci. Rep. 9 (10): 1-13.

Saitoh, K., Nishiura, K. and Kuroda, T. 2004. Characteristics of flowering and pod set in wild and cultivated types of soybean. Plant Prod. Sci. 7: 172-177.

Silva, L.J., Milagres, C.C., Silva, D.J.H., Nick, K. and Castro, J.P.A. 2011. Basal defoliation and their influence in agronomic and phytopathological traits in tomato plants. Hort. Bras. 29: 377-381.

Valdes, V.M., Woodward, G.C. and Adams, S.R. 2010. The effects of long-day lighting and removal of young leaves on tomato yield. J. Hortic. Sci. Biotech. 84: 119-124.

Verheul, M.J. 2012. Effect of plant density, leaf removal and light intensity on tomato quality and yield. Acta Hort. 956: 365-372.

Xiao, S., Van Der Ploeg, A., Bakker, M.J. and Heuvelink, E. 2004. Two instead of three leaves between tomato trusses: measured and simulated effects on partitioning and yield. Acta Hort. 654: 303-308.

Research Article