IN VITRO EVALUATION OF SIX FUNGICIDES AGAINST FOUR MAJOR SOIL BORNE FUNGI
An experiment was conducted in the laboratory of Plant Pathology Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture to evaluate the efficacy of six different fungicides against four major soil borne plant pathogens. The selected fungicides were Antracol 70 WP, Bavistin 50 DF, Dithane M-45, Folicur 250 EC, Ridomil Gold MZ 68 WP and Secure 600 WG. The efficacy of these fungicides were evaluated by poison food technique against four major soil borne fungi, viz., Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Sclerotium rolfsii. Among them, Bavistin 50 DF was found to be the most effective which completely inhibited the growth of R. solani, S. rolfsii and M. phaseolina after 7 days of inoculation. Folicur was also effective against R. solani that inhibited its 96% growth after 7 days of inoculation. Dithane M-45 was found to be effective for inhibiting the growth of M. phaseolina (85%) and S. rolfsii (81%). The growth inhibition of the fungi by Secure, Antracol and Ridomil Gold ranged between 32 and 44%.
Abdul, R., Mohammad, I., Saira, M., Nasir, A., Waqar, A. and Kashif Riaz. 2015. Etiology, Pathogenicity and Management of Collar Rot in Cockscomb (Celosia argentea). Int. J. Agri. Biol. 17(1): 9-14.
Bashar, M. A. 1990. Ecopathological studies on Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cicerni causing wilt disease of chickpea. Ph. D. Thesis. Banaras Hindu University. India. p. 158.
Baysal-Gurel, F. and Kabir, N. 2018. Comparative performance of fungicides and biocontrol products in suppression of Rhizoctonia root rot in viburnum. J. Plant Pathol. Microbiol. 9: 451.
Christopher, D.J., Raj, T.S., Rani, S.U. and Udhayakumar, R. 2010. Role of defense enzymes activity in tomato as induced by Trichoderma virens against Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici. J. Biopestic. 3: 158–162.
Dahal, N. and R. K. Shrestha. 2018. Evaluation of efficacy of fungicides against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lentis in vitro at Lamjung, Nepal. Inst. Agric. Anim. Sci. 35: 105-112
Jaiman, R.K. and Jain, S.C. 2010. Effect of fungicides on root rot of cluster bean caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. Environ. Ecol.. 28(2A):1138-1140.
Keinath, A.P. and Batson, W.E. 2000. Evaluation of biological and chemical seed treatments to improve stand of snap bean across the Southern U.S. Crop Prot. 19: 501–509.
Khalikar, P.V., Gholve, V.M. and Adsul, A.K. 2011. In vitro Management of Macrophomina phaseolina by chemicals. Int. J. Plant Prot. 4(1): 201-203.
Khalil, M. I. and Rashid, M. H. 2013. Evaluation of fungicides on the growth of Rhizoctonia solani, Rhizoctonia oryzae and Rhizoctonia oryzae-sativae. Bangladesh J. Nuclear Agric. 29: 105-111.
Mihajlovic, M., Rekanovic, E., Hrustic, J. and Tanovic, B. 2017. Methods for management of soilborne plant pathogens. Pestic. Fitomedicina. 32: 9–24.
Maitlo, S. A., Syed, R. N., Rustamani, M. A., Khuhro, R. D. and Lodhi, A. M. 2014. Comparative efficacy of different fungicides against Fusarium wilt of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pak. J. Bot. 46(6): 2305-2312.
Parmar, H. V., Kapadiya, H. J. and Bhaliya, C. M. 2017. Efficacy of different fungicides against Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid causing castor root rot. Int. J. Chemical Studies 5(5): 1807-1809.
Rekha, S., K.S., Renu, G. and Khokhar, M. K. 2012. Integrated management against root-rot of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.)] incited by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. J. Pl. Patho. Microb. 3:5.
Somu, R., Thammaiah, N., Swami, G. S. K., Kulkarni, M. S. and Devappa, V. 2014. In vitro evaluation of fungicides against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. International Journal of Plant Protection, 7(1): 221-224.
Suryawanshi, A.P., Gore, D.D., Gawande, D.B., Pawar, A.K. and Wadje, A.G. 2008. Efficacy of fungicides against Macrophomina blight of mungbean. J. Pl. Dis. Sci. 3(1): 40-42.
Siddique, M. N. A., Ahmmed, A. N. F., Mazumder, M. G. H., Khaiyam, M. O. and Islam, M. R. 2016. Evaluation of Some Fungicides and Bio-Agents against Sclerotium rolfsii and Foot and Root Rot Disease of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) The Agriculturists 14(1): 92-97.