• M.A. Haque Soil Science Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202

    M.R. Khan Soil Science Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202

    S. Akram BINA sub-station, Jamalpur


Vermicompost has a plethora of benefits that restores nutrient, stabilizes soil, and enhances soil fertility. The experiment was conducted at farmers’ field of Mymensingh and Jamalpur to evaluate the effect of e-vermicompost on tomato production during October 2019 to March 2020. There were five fertilizer treatments combination (T1: RCF-Recommended fertilizer (N120 P35 K70 S15 Zn2 B0.5), T2: 85 % RCF+3 t ha-1 vermicompost, T3: 85% RCF+1 t ha-1 e-vermicompost, T4: 70% RCF+3 t ha-1 e-vermicompost and T5: 70% RCF+1 t ha-1 e-vermicompost). The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The fresh tomato fruits were harvested in three times. The fresh weight of tomato at Mymensingh ranged from 53.3 to 68.5 t ha-1 with the highest yield of 68.5 t ha-1 from the treatment T2 (85% RCF + 3 t ha-1 e-vermicompost). At Jamalpur, the yield ranged from 50.4 to 65.3 t ha-1 and the highest yield of 65.3 t ha-1 was recorded also from the treatment T2 (85% RCF+3 t ha-1 e-vermicompost). The lowest yield was obtained from the treatment T5 in both locations. The percent fresh yield increased over control (T1), was 24.5 and 18.3% in Mymensingh and Jamalpur, respectively. The highest gross margin was Tk. 762,225/-, which was obtained from the treatment T2 (85% RCF+3 t ha-1 e-vermicompost). The highest MBCR 2.80 (average of two locations) was obtained from the same treatment T2 (85% RCF+1 t ha-1 e-vermicompost). The results indicates that the application of e-vermicompost along with 85% recommended dose of chemical fertilizer is more profitable than the application of chemical fertilizer alone.


Akhtar, K., Wang, W., Khan, A., Ren, G., Zaheer, S., Sial, T.A. 2019. Straw mulching with fertilizer nitrogen: an approach for improving crop yield, soil nutrients and enzyme activities. Soil Use Manag. 35(3): 526–535. [Google Scholar]

Aracon, N.Q., Edwards, C.A., Bierman, P., Metzger, J.D., Lee, S. and Welch, C. 2003. Effect of vermicomposts on growth and marketable fruits of field-grown tomatoes, peppers and strawberries: the 7th international symposium on earthworm ecology. Cardiff, Wales 2002. Pedobiologia 47, 731-735. doi: 10.1078/0031-4056-00251

BARC.20018. Fertilizer Recommendation Guide 2005. Bangladesh Agriculture Research Council, Farmgate Dhaka.

Bhanwaria, R., Singh, B., Musarella, C.M. 2022. Effect of organic manure and moisture regimes on soil physiochemical properties, microbial biomass Cmic:Nmic:Pmic turnover and yield of mustard grains in arid climate. Plants. 2022;11:722. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Bolinder, M.A., Crotty, F., Elsen, A., Frac, M., Kismanyoky, T., Lipiec, J., Tits, M., Toth, Z., Kattere, T. 2020. The effect of crop residues, cover crops, manures and nitrogen fertilization on soil organic carbon changes in agro-ecosystems: a synthesis of reviews. Mitig. Adapt. Strategies Glob. Change. 2020; 25:929–952. [Google Scholar]

Bulluck, L., Brosius, M., Evanylo, G. and Ristaino, J. 2002. Organic and synthetic fertility amendment influence soil microbial, physical and chemical properties on organic and conventional farm. Appl. Soil. Ecol. 19, 147-160. doi:10.1016/S0929-1393(01)00187-1.

Chakraboty, A., Chakraboty, P.K., Banik, P and Bagchi, D.K. 2001. Effect of integrated nutrient supply and management on yield of rice and nitrogen and phosphorus recovery by it in acid lateritic soils. Indian J. Agron. 6(1): 75-80.

Colpan, E., Zengin, M. and Zbahce, A. 2013. The effects of potassium on the yield and fruit quality components of stick tomato. Hortic. Environ. Biotechnol. 54, 20-28. doi: 10.1007/s13580-013-0080-4.

Da Silva, T.R., Menezes, J.F.S., Simon, G.A., De Assis, R.L., Santos C.J.D. and Gomes, G. V. 2011. Corn cultivation and availability of phosphorus under fertilizer with chiken manure. Rev. Bras. Agric. E Ambienttal 15, 903-910 doi: 10.1590/S1415-43662011000900005.

Dhaliwal, S.S., Ram, H., Walia, S.S., Walia, M.K., Kumar, B., Dhaliwal, M.K. 2019. Long-term influence of nutrient management on carbon and nutrients in Typic-Ustochrept soils. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 50(19):2420–2428. [Google Scholar]

Du, Y., Cui, B., Zhang, Q., Wang, Z., Sun, J., Niu, W. 2020. Effects of manure fertilizer on crop yield and soil properties in China: a meta-analysis. Catena.193 [Google Scholar]

Hanc, A. & Vasak, F. 2015. Processing separated digested by vermicomposting technology using earthworms of the genus Eisenia. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12, 1183-1190. doil: 10.1007/s13762-014-0500-8.

Fu, H., Zhang, g., Zhang, F., Sun, Z., Geng, G. and Li, T. 2017. Effect of continuous tomato monoculture on soil microbial properties and enzyme activities in a solar greenhouse. Sustainability 9:317. doil: 10.3390/su9020317

 Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research (second edition). An International Rice Research Institute Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA. pp. 139-240.

Gong, W., Yan, X.Y., Wang, J.Y., Hu, T.X. and Gong, Y.B. 2011. Long term application of chemical and organic fertilizers on plant available nitrogen pools and nitrogen management index. Biol. Fertil. Soils 47, 767-775. doi: 10.1007/s00374-011-0585-x

Hepperly, P., Lotter, D., Ulsh, C.Z., Seidel, R. and Reidr, C. 2009. Compost, manure and synthetic fertilizer influence crop yields, soil properties, nitrate leaching & crop nutrient content. Compost Sci. Util. 17, 117-126. doi:101080/1065657X.2009.10702410

Hua, W., Luo, P., An, N., Cai F., Zhang, S., Chen, K., Yang, J., Han, X. 2020. Manure application increased crop yields by promoting nitrogen use efficiency in the soils of 40-year soybean-maize rotation. Sci. Rep. 10 [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Ibrahim, M., Khan, A., Ali W., Akbar, H.J.S. 2020. Research T. Mulching techniques: an approach for offsetting soil moisture deficit and enhancing manure mineralization during maize cultivation. Soil Res. 2020; 200 [Google Scholar]

Jackson, M.L. 1962. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice hall Inc., Engle Wood Cliffs, N.J. USA.

Jack, A.L. and Thies, J.E. 2006. Compost and Vermicompost as amendments promoting soil health”, in Biological Approaches to sustainable Soil Systems, ed N. Uphoff (New York, N Y: CRC Press), 453-466

Jindo, K., Chocano, C., De Aguilar, J.M., Gonzalez, D., Hermandez, T. and Garcia, C. 2016. Impact of compost application during 5 years on crop production, soil microbial activities, carbon fraction and humification process. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 47, 1907-1979. doi: 10.1080/00103624.2016.1206922

Khan A., Fahad S., Khan A., Saud S., Adnan M., Wahid F.2019. Managing tillage operation and manure to restore soil carbon stocks in wheat–maize cropping system. Agron. J. 111(5):2600–2609. [Google Scholar]

Kmet’ova, M. and Kovacik, P. 2013. The impact of vermicompost application on yield parameters of maize. Mendelnet 2013, 75-81

Mondal, T., Datta, J.K. and Mondal, N.K. 2015. Influence of indigenous inputs on the properties of old alluvial soil in a mustard cropping system. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 61, 1319-1332. doi: 10.1080/03650340.2014.1000877

Morone, P., Falcone, P.M., Ajjocp Lopolito. 2019. How to promote a new and sustainable food consumption model: a fuzzy cognitive map study. J. Clean. Prod. 208:563–574. [Google Scholar]

Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanable, F.S. and Dean, L.A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Dept. Agril. Circ., p. 929.

Page, A., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R. 1982. Methods of soil Analysis. Part ΙΙ. 2nd Edn. American Soc. Agron. Inc. Madwis. USA.

Peralta-Antonio N., Watthier M., Santos R.H.S. 2021. Green manure and mineral fertilizer in sequential cropping: effect on dry matter, yield, accumulation and recovery efficiency of nutrients. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 52:322–337. [Google Scholar]

Ramirez-Guerrero, H. and Meza-Figueroa, C. 2014. Strengthening potato production and ecological transition using organic fertilization. Rev. Fac. Agron. Univers. Zulia 31, 1-11.

Randhawa, M., Dhaliwal, S.S., Sharma, V., Toor, A.S., Sharma, S., Kaur, M. 2021. Ensuring yield sustainability and nutritional security through enriching manures with fertilizers under rice–wheat system in North-western India. J. Plant Nutr. doi: 10.1080/01904167. 2021.1943748. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Raza, S.T., Wu J., Rene, E.R., Ali, Z., Chen, Z. 2022. Reuse of agricultural wastes, manure, and biochar as an organic amendment: a review on its implications for vermicomposting technology. J. Clean. Prod. 360 [Google Scholar]

Raza, S.T., Tang, J.L., Ali Z., Yao, Z., Bah, H., Iqbal, H., Ren, X. 2021. Ammonia volatilization and greenhouse gases emissions during vermicomposting with animal manures and biochar to enhance sustainability. Int. J. Environ. Res. Publ. Health. 18:178. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Saleque, M.A., Abedin, M.S., Bhuiyan, N.I., Zaman, S.K. and Panaullah, G.M. 2004. Long-term effect of inorgarnic and vermicompost sources on yield and nutrient accumulation of lowland rice. Field Crops Res. 86: 53-59.

Scaglia, B., Nunes, R.R., Rezende, M.O.O., Tambone, F. and Adani, F. 2016. Investigating organic molecules responsible of auxin-like activity of humic acid fraction extracted from vermicompost. Sci. Total Environ. 562, 289-295. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv. 2016.03.212

Sharma, M., Sharma, Y.K., Dotaniya, M.L. 2014. Effect of press mud and FYM application with zinc sulphate on yield of hybrid rice. J Environ Agric. Sci. 1(8) [Google Scholar]

Singh, N.L. and Chauhan, J. 2009. Response of french bean bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to organic manure and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield parameters under irrigated condition. Nat. Sci. 7, 52-54.

Singh, R.P. and Varshney, G. 2013. Effect of carbofuran on availability of macronutrients and growth of tomato plants in antural soils and soils amended with inorganic fertilizers and vermicompost. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 44, 2571-2586. doi: 10.1080/00103624.2013.803568

Srivastava V., Ismail S.A., Singh P., Singh R.P. 2015. Urban solid waste management in the developing world with emphasis on India: challenges and opportunities. Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol. 14(2):317–337. [Google Scholar]

Yang, L.J., Zhao, F.Y., Chang, Q., Li, T.L. and Li, F.S. 2015. Effects of vermicompost on tomato yield and quality and soil fertility in green house under different soil water regimes. Agric. Water Manage. 160, 98-105. doil 10.1016/j.agwat. 2015.07.002

Zhang, H., Tan, S.N., Wong, W.S., Ng, C.Y.L., Teo, C.H., Ge, L. 2014. Mass spectrometric evidence for the occurrence of plant growth promoting cytokinins in vermicompost tea. Biol. Fertil. Soils 50, 401-403. doi: 10.1007/s00374-0846-y

Zheng, L., Hu, J., Lin, C., Tang, Q., Guo, Q. 2005. The production of succession cropping obstacles and its prevention and cure steps (in chines with English abstract). Chin J. Trop. Agric. 2, 58-62. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-2196.2005.02.014

Research Article